Military History

Discussion in 'Law Enforcement & Military' started by ThreeTango, Apr 2, 2016.

  1. SHOOTER13

    SHOOTER13 RETIRED MODERATOR Lifetime Supporter

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    When you have nothing....nothing is wasted.
     

  2. SHOOTER13

    SHOOTER13 RETIRED MODERATOR Lifetime Supporter

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    This Day in Military History...

    April 6th...

    1862 – Two days of bitter fighting began at the Civil War battle of Shiloh as the Confederates attacked Grant’s Union forces in southwestern Tennessee. Union commander Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, planning to advance on the important railway junction at Corinth, Miss., met a surprise attack by General Albert Sidney Johnston’s Army of Mississippi. The Confederates pushed the Federals back steadily during the first day’s fighting, in spite of Johnston’s death that afternoon. Only with the arrival of Union reinforcements during the night did the tide turn, forcing the rebels to withdraw.

    The opposing sides slaughtered each other with such ferocity that one survivor wrote, “No blaze of glory…can ever atone for the unwritten and unutterable horrors of the scene.” Gen. Ulysses Grant after the Battle of Shiloh said: “I saw an open field… so covered with dead that it would have been possible to walk across… in any direction, stepping on dead bodies without a foot touching the ground.” More than 9,000 Americans died. The battle left some 24,000 casualties and secured the West for the Union.

    1862 – Albert Sidney Johnston (59), US and Confederate general, was killed in battle of Shiloh.
     
  3. ThreeTango

    ThreeTango Well-Known Member

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  4. ThreeTango

    ThreeTango Well-Known Member

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  5. ThreeTango

    ThreeTango Well-Known Member

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  6. squirrelhunter

    squirrelhunter Well-Known Member

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  7. ThreeTango

    ThreeTango Well-Known Member

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  8. ThreeTango

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  9. SHOOTER13

    SHOOTER13 RETIRED MODERATOR Lifetime Supporter

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    1863 – The Union army issues General Orders No. 100, which provided a code of conduct for Federal soldiers and officers when dealing with Confederate prisoners and civilians. The code was borrowed by many European nations, and its influence can be seen on the Geneva Convention. The orders were the brainchild of Francis Lieber, a Prussian immigrant whose three sons had served during the Civil War. One son was mortally wounded while fighting for the Confederacy at the Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1862. Lieber’s other two sons fought for the Union. Lieber was a scholar of international law who took a keen interest in the treatment of combatants and civilians. He wrote many essays and newspaper articles on the subject early in the war, and he advised General Henry Halleck, general-in-chief of the Union armies, on how to treat guerilla fighters captured by Federal forces.

    Halleck appointed a committee of four generals and Lieber to draft rules of combat for the Civil War. The final document consisted of 157 articles written almost entirely by Lieber. The orders established policies for, among other things, the treatment of prisoners, exchanges, and flags of truce. There was no document like it in the world at the time, and other countries soon adopted the code. It became the standard for international military law, and the Germans adopted it by 1870. Lieber’s concepts are still very influential today.
     
  10. SHOOTER13

    SHOOTER13 RETIRED MODERATOR Lifetime Supporter

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    Korea: Marine Manned Machinegun AloneFound Dead Next Morning With Over 200 Dead Enemies Around Him

    Corporal Joseph Vittori

    Born in the small Massachusetts town of Beverly in 1929, Joseph Vittori would grow up as a teenager watching the Marines battle the Japanese in the Pacific. Upon graduating High School in 1946, he enlisted in the Marine Corps and was sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot on Parris Island to begin what would be a legendary career in the Marines. However, this legendary career would get off to a somewhat mundane and boring start.

    When a new Marine joins the fleet in modern times, they are often referred to as a “boot”, in reference to their general lack of knowledge about anything having just left boot camp. Life can be hard as a boot, but it must have been spectacularly difficult for a new Marine in 1946 when the Corps was comprised of battle-hardened veterans who fought their way from Guadalcanal to Iwo Jima.

    Upon becoming a Marine, Vittori would serve in a variety of roles from 1946 to 1948 including time at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, sea duty aboard the USS Portsmouth, and the Philadelphia Navy Yard before he was eventually transferred to the 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune North Carolina.

    In 1949, Vittori was discharged after three years of service in these non-combat years and returned home to Beverly where he would work as a plasterer and bricklayer when war broke out in Korea in June of 1950. He enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve in September of 1950 for what he knew would mean a combat deployment to Korea.

    The Marine, who was too young for World War 2, and no doubt spent his active duty time listing to the stories of that war from combat veterans was about to get his chance to jump into the fray. After a period of training, he landed in Korea to join Company F, 2nd Battalion First Marines.

    Once in Korea, he would quickly find himself immersed in the back and forth struggle between the two Koreas. The South was bolstered by American and UN forces while the North would be aided by hundreds of thousands of Chinese troops. Vittori was wounded in June of 1951 near Yanggu and spent time in a field hospital where he was promoted to Corporal.

    Once he recovered, he was assigned to be a property sergeant who was a hard role for this Grunt to accept. Within a week, he was pleading to be sent back to his unit fighting it out in the hills of Korea so that he could serve alongside his friends.

    He would be granted his request, and while it would prove a fatal decision for himself, the Marines he likely saved with his heroic actions would have much reason to be thankful. In September of 1951, during the Battle of the Punchbowl, Company F was given the task of assaulting up Hill 749.

    Coming head on towards the fortified positions, the Marines assaulted with great progress until they were hit by a counter-attack that pushed them back. During the chaotic attempt to consolidate their positions, Corporal Joseph Vittori gathered up two other volunteers and charged the counter attacking North Koreans. In what would become a fierce hand-to-hand struggle, Vittori overwhelmed the enemy giving his company time to prepare for more attacks.

    The next phase of his Medal of Honor action that day would see him volunteering to defend a machine gun position on the northern point of the line that was almost entirely isolated from the rest of the unit. When a 100-yard breach was made in the American lines due to dead or wounded, Vittori would find himself running from flank to flank firing upon the enemy from this position during the North Korean night attack.

    In the pitch black, Vittori held off the enemy and manned the machinegun alone after the gunner was killed. The enemy had approached within 15 feet of Vittori’s position, but he held until mortally wounded by machine gun and small arms fire.

    The Morning After

    Vittori’s gallant one man stand allowed the Americans to hold the lines and deny the enemy physical occupation of the ground. His Medal of Honor citation would go on to say that he prevented the entire battalion position from collapsing.

    When Vittori was found the next morning, there were over 200 dead enemies strewn out in front of his position. And while he can’t be credited with all 200 himself, it is a safe bet that a high percentage of those dead North Koreans wished Corporal Joseph Vittori would have stayed a POG, REMF, or whatever they might have called those who spend the war in the rear with the gear.

    All positions are of value in warfare and any who wear the uniform serve with honor and respect. However, it would seem that for some men the infantry is a calling and despite the high probability of death in a fierce struggle, they truly belong on the front lines rather than inventorying property in the rear.

    Joseph Vittori’s Medal of Honor was presented to his parents in 1952 by President Harry Truman as a grateful nation, Marine Corps, and the men of Company F 2nd Battalion 1st Marines were truly thankful for his sacrifice.

    Good Job Marine !!...God Bless
     
  11. ThreeTango

    ThreeTango Well-Known Member

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